Infectious Disease Tests
Infectious Disease Tests
Accu Reference Medical Lab offers the latest technology for infectious disease advanced testing, spanning serology, microbiology, virology, and molecular diagnostics. At Accu Reference, we understand the urgency needed for sensitive infectious disease lab results, and we are proud to reliably offer this service to our customers. Examples of common tests that we offer are listed below.
Influenza A/B & respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
Influenza, often referred to as “the flu,” is a highly contagious viral infection that can be spread through the air or through direct contact, and targets the respiratory system. Often times, influenza infections can resolve without targeted treatment but does pose a substantial risk to immunocompromised individuals (eg, infants, children and the elderly). In cases like this, early identification and treatment are vital to avoid complications.
Accu Reference offers inexpensive and precise infectious disease blood tests to diagnose influenza.
Hepatitis A, B and C are viral infections that are transmitted through bodily fluids (eg, blood, fecal matter, semen). Incubation periods can range from 28-120 days, and include a variety of symptoms like nausea, vomiting, fever, fatigue, loss of appetite and joint pain. Most patients infected with acute disease recover with no lasting liver damage, while chronic sufferers require ongoing supportive treatment because of no available cures.
Accu Reference provides testing for all forms of hepatitis. Our laboratory tests detect HBV mutations associated with resistance to antiviral agents, can identify HBV genotypes for epidemiologic and prognostic purposes, and can discover mutations in pre-core and basal-core promoter regions, all facilitating early supportive treatment.
Herpes simplex, often known as ‘herpes’, is a virus categorized into 2 types: herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1) and herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV2). Both infections are chronic but are transmitted differently. HSV1 is transmitted oral-to-oral, while HSV2 is sexually transmitted. While these infections are typically asymptomatic, symptoms can include blisters, which can be very painful, and ulcers at the infection site. Both viruses can also be transmitted in the absence of symptoms. Although there are no cures for either virus, supportive therapy can help manage severity and frequency of symptoms.
Highly sensitive serology tests to diagnose both of the herpes infections are available at Accu Reference Medical Lab.
Epstein-Barr blood test
Epstein-barr virus (EBV) is a gamma herpes virus. It is spread through bodily fluids, and most often saliva. Symptoms include fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, inflamed throat, enlarged spleen, swollen liver or a rash. Patients susceptible to, or have a current or previous infection can be identified through the use of lab tests for a variety of antibodies. Most commonly, children are infected but remain symptomless, where the virus remains latent, until they are teenagers or adults. In immuno-compromised individuals, the virus can reactivate and illness can persist anywhere from 2 weeks through to months. Treatment largely consists of over-the-counter maintenance plans to relive the burden of symptoms.
Diagnosis can be difficult for EBV but ~90% of individuals will possess antibodies confirming current or prior EBV infection. At Accu Reference Medical Lab, we offer sensitive antibody testing to verify EBV.
Lyme disease can be spread by a certain type of tick that carries the Borrelia burgdorferi bacterium. A tick can attach to any area of the human body to transmit the disease, although are most often found in hard-to-see regions (eg, groin, scalp, armpit). Untreated lyme disease can result in a variety of symptoms depending on the infection stage. Examples include fever, rash, facial paralysis and even arthritis in joints. Antibiotics are frequently used to treat patients with early stages of lyme disease, and usually recover rapidly. However, there are cases where patients experience persistent symptoms and require continued therapy, making early diagnosis even more important.
1. Diseases and conditions: Influenza (flu). Mayo Clinic. Website: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/flu/basics/definition/con-20035101 Updated: 2016. Accessed: April 3, 2016.
2. The ABCs of Hepatitis. CDC. Website: http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/Resources/Professionals/PDFs/ABCTable.pdf Updated: 2015. Accessed: April 3, 2016.
3. Herpes simplex virus. WHO. Website: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs400/en/ Updated: 2016. Accessed: April 3, 2016.
4. About EBV. CDC. Website: http://www.cdc.gov/epstein-barr/about-ebv.html Updated: January, 6 2014. Accessed: April 3, 2016.
5. Lyme Disease. CDC. Website: http://www.cdc.gov/lyme/ Updated: November 18, 2015. Accessed: April 3, 2016.